Desiree Carver-Thomas and Linda Darling-Hammond, “Teacher turnover: Why it matters and what we can do about it,” Learning Policy Institute, August 16, 2017, These things represent the heart of a teacher’s work and cannot—and should not—be automated. Our current research suggests that 20 to 40 percent of current teacher hours are spent on activities that could be automated using existing technology. If not, why not? Yet they are least likely to have had a teacher that looks like them. Research suggests that simply having an effective kindergarten teacher can affect the likelihood of a student completing college thus boosting their lifetime earnings by about $320,000. Desiree W. Murray et al., Self-regulation and toxic stress: Foundations for understanding self-regulation from an applied developmental perspective, Office of Planning, Research & Evaluation, February 13, 2015, “Is education obsolete? We concluded that the areas with the biggest potential for automation are preparation, administration, evaluation, and feedback. Automation could reduce the amount of time teachers spend on administrative responsibilities—down from five to just three hours per week. Average of Canada, Singapore, United Kingdom, and United States in 2017. That translates into approximately 13 hours per week that teachers could redirect toward activities that lead to higher student outcomes and higher teacher satisfaction. Ten years from now, with the support of a range of education technologies, teachers should have more time for themselves—and more time for their students. 6 Teachers in schools today practice inclusion as much as possible, which is having all students, disability or not, in the same classroom. Learn about Teachers and teachers’ unions have been largely critical of the value-added approach, arguing that test scores are not good indicators of teacher quality. • In your opinion, what are the most important qualities for a teacher to have and why? Parul Batra, Jacques Bughin, Michael Chui, Ryan Ko, Susan Lund, James Manyika, Saurabh Sanghvi, and Jonathan Woetzel, Jobs lost, jobs gained: What the future of work will mean for jobs, skills, and wages, McKinsey Global Institute, November 2017. If these four imperatives are met, then we are hopeful that automation will be a boon and not a bane for teachers. 1. All comments are moderated by the Learning Network staff, but please keep in mind that once your comment is accepted, it will be made public. How to improve student educational outcomes. document addresses only changes to the provisions of IDEA regarding highly qualified teachers that took effect on Dec. 3, 2004 and personnel qualifications that took effect on July 1, 2005. Conversely, actual instruction, engagement, coaching, and advising are more immune to automation (Exhibit 2). To the contrary, achieving these savings in teacher time is mostly about adoption of existing education technology. Students, read the entire article, then tell us: • Does the research presented in this article resonate with you? For countries such as China and India, the estimated growth will be more than 100 percent. It is not written by and does not necessarily reflect the views of Education Week's editorial staff. For example, the leerkRACHT Foundation in the Netherlands has introduced peer collaboration into 10 percent of Dutch schools, with 80 percent of teachers reporting improvement in student learning. Burnout and high attrition rates are testaments to the very real pressures on teachers. Then, girls … Advances in natural-language processing make it possible for computers to assess and give detailed, formative feedback across long-form answers in all subject areas. In future articles we will address its broader impact on student learning. 5. 22–5, Why the disconnect? It is even higher for teachers with three or fewer years of experience, at 28 percent. While the special education community awaits reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), new provisions in the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) could have positive impacts on special education, students with disabilities, and possibly the IDEA itself. 4 In other subjects, collaboration platforms enable teachers to search and find relevant materials posted by other teachers or administrators. Global News’ Randene Neil explains there have been few studies on how a strikes impact students’ grades. Researchers say it’s not entirely clear why teachers’ gender and race make a difference; it’s likely to be a combination of things. The study used Department of Education data on 25,000 eighth graders from 1,000 schools. In the neediest schools in the United States, for example, teacher turnover tops 16 percent per annum. Jake Bryant is an associate partner in McKinsey’s Washington, DC, office, Christine Heitz is a consultant in the Denver office, Saurabh Sanghvi is an associate partner in the Silicon Valley office, and Dilip Wagle is a senior partner in the Seattle office. While most teachers report enjoying their work, they do not report enjoying the late nights marking papers, preparing lesson plans, or filling out endless paperwork. Something went wrong. Teachers surveyed by country: 501 in Canada, 134 in Singapore, 509 in the United Kingdom, and 1,028 in the United States. The effect is stronger on boys. A consequence of this is that the teaching of modern foreign languages in British schools will be negatively impacted — especially as most teachers in this field are from EU member states. Sharing what is working—and what is not working—is therefore critical. People create and sustain change. Reinforcing self-esteem in the classroom is associated with increased motivation and learning. Further advances in technology could push this number higher and result in changes to classroom structure and learning modalities, but are unlikely to displace teachers in the foreseeable future. It will require commitment across a broad range of stakeholders, including governments, school leaders, technology companies, and, of course, teachers and learners themselves. Practical resources to help leaders navigate to the next normal: guides, tools, checklists, interviews and more. These practices can support teachers in improving and developing their craft. The abstract nature of the term “main idea” is just a herald of the difficulties that lie ahead when teachers begin to instruct students on how to find the main idea of a text. Just bringing the average school to the level of the best would have a huge impact. The most recent Program for International Student Assessment scores suggest that, globally, students who use tablets, laptops, and e-readers in the classroom are performing worse than those who do not. —a number that the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Teaching and Learning International Survey suggests has increased by 3 percent over the past five years. 10. Students 13 and older are invited to comment. Setting aside a few minutes at the end of a lesson to ask children what they liked best, or what helped them, is cookies, Jobs lost, jobs gained: What the future of work will mean for jobs, skills, and wages,, are performing worse than those who do not. hereLearn more about cookies, Opens in new John F. Pane et al., “How does personalized learning affect student achievement?,” RAND, 2017, Desiree Carver-Thomas and Linda Darling-Hammond, “Teacher turnover: Why it matters and what we can do about it,” Learning Policy Institute, August 16, 2017, these improvements have not yet been realized on a large scale. Use minimal essential Research has found that boys, and particularly black boys, are more affected than girls by disadvantages, like poverty and racism, and by positive influences, like high-quality schools and role models. Further disheartening to teachers is the news that some education professors have even gone so far as to suggest that teachers can be replaced by robots, computers, and artificial intelligence (AI). Students tend to be inspired by role models they can relate to. Andreas Schleicher, “Teaching Excellence through Professional Learning and Policy Reform: Lessons from around the World,” Paris, France: OECD Publishing, 2016. • Should all schools help teachers learn about the biases they may have? According to the document, Ofsted does not require teachers to show current or previous lesson plans to inspectors, nor will it award a grade for the quality of teaching individual lessons. Finally, building the capacity of teachers and school leaders to harness technology effectively will ensure maximum gains in not only saving teacher time but also improving student outcomes. Teachers also want their students to reflect on their lessons, but with young children especially, this is a learned skill. On the other hand, case law increasingly uses the LRE standard to require school districts to exhaust attempts to serve students with disabilities in the general education classroom (Osborn & Dima… 9 When students and teachers were the same gender, teachers also had more positive impressions of students, and students looked forward more to the subject. • Have the majority of your teachers throughout your schooling shared your race, gender or another important aspect of your identity? Why? And studies show that teacher diversity can make a difference in students’ performance and their interest in school. A great teacher should love educating students, and one of the principal goals many teachers set for themselves is to be the best educator they can be. IDEA is important because it allows students with disabilities to get the education they need to thrive. When eighth graders had a female teacher instead of a male one, boys fell behind girls by the equivalent of three and a half months of learning, according to a well-regarded study he wrote, which compared the effect of two teachers of different genders on the same students. Teachers’ gender does not necessarily have a big effect during elementary school but seems to make more of a difference when children are older. John F. Pane et al., “How does personalized learning affect student achievement?,” RAND, 2017, For example, writing software can look at trends in writing across multiple essays to provide targeted student feedback that teachers can review and tailor. Teachers feel the brunt of educational budget cuts in many ways. Our findings were unequivocal: teachers, across the board, were spending less time in direct instruction and engagement than in preparation, evaluation, and administrative duties (Exhibit 1). Four imperatives stand out as schools move to adopt technology wisely: target investment, start with easy solutions, share what is working, and build teacher and school-leader capacity to harness technology effectively. We strive to provide individuals with disabilities equal access to our website. This underscores why we believe that technology in the classroom is not going to save much direct instructional time. For example, several software providers offer mathematics packages to help teachers assess the current level of their students’ understanding, group students according to learning needs, and suggest lesson plans, materials, and problem sets for each group. 4. In the remainder of this article, we will outline how teachers spend their time today, how technology can help to save teacher time, and where that additional time might go. Once we understood how teachers spend their time, we evaluated automation potential across each activity, based on an evaluation of existing technology and expert interviews. Educational Researcher, 38, 181 – 199 . However, many … How Teachers See Stress So what makes a classroom normal for one teacher and stressful to another? TALIS 2018 Results: Teachers and School Leaders as Lifelong Learners, volume 1, Paris, France: OECD Publishing, 2019. In the case of small children, IDEA allows parents to access the services necessary to prevent learning disabilities and other disorders from completely derailing a child's academic career. Teachers have a very significant, lifelong impact on all of their students. Parents are the most influential individuals in a child’s education, but teachers are a close second. Even if teachers spend the same amount of time preparing, technology could make that time more effective, helping them come up with even better lesson plans and approaches. 9. As investment increases, it will be critical to target it to the areas that can most effectively save teacher time and improve student outcomes (rather than to flashy but ineffective hardware). For example, some teachers are using flipped learning in their classrooms. A majority of teachers in American schools are white women. Districts need to use accepted, widely adopted tools for consistency. This, however, is no small task. And the effects go far beyond a child’s ability to read and write. 7 Our amazing teachers embark upon life-changing teacher training programmes to work alongside the local teachers to provide the best possible education to children in need. 2. Public support for teachers has risen to levels that appeared unlikely just a few years ago as the Red For Ed movement draws attention to demands for higher salaries and more funding. When teachers are stressed, so are their students, according to … Does Teacher Diversity Matter in Student Learning. “Is education obsolete? Our mission is to help leaders in multiple sectors develop a deeper understanding of the global economy. And teachers have long been predominantly white and female. After all, who prefers filling out paperwork to interacting with children? Just providing hardware is easy. As teachers understand what their students know and can do, they can then prepare for the next lesson. Teachers have undergone a Kafkaesque metamorphosis from Mr Chips to Mr Jobs; wooden, flip-lid desks have been replaced by iPads. Even when teachers believed that they were already providing tailored materials—and personalized feedback—to students, students often disagreed. Good news is on the horizon. Same-race teachers might be able to present new material in a more culturally relevant way. Finally, we asked what was working well and where they faced challenges, both in the application of technology and more broadly across their role as teacher. Raj Chetty et al., “$320,000 kindergarten teachers,” Phi Delta Kappan, November 2010, Volume 92, Number 3, pp. 1990— IDEA first came into being on October 30, 1990, when the "Education of All Handicapped Children Act" (itself having been introduced in 1975) was renamed "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act." We asked teachers how much time they spend on 37 core activities, from lesson planning to teaching to grading to maintaining student records. The question we … The McKinsey Global Institute’s 2018 report on the future of work suggests that, despite the dire predictions, teachers are not going away any time soon. Teachers spent more time teaching mnemonics than they spent making sense of the proper procedure for finding the answer. Technology, when used correctly, can facilitate good teaching, but it will never replace teachers. LRE is sometimes used synonymously with such terms as “mainstreaming” or “inclusion.” However, neither the statute nor the implementing regulations of IDEA use these terms. Improving impact studies of teachers’ professional development: Toward better conceptualizations and measures. Some teachers use a hand on the hip and a slight dip of the head. McKinsey Global Teacher and Student Survey. Proven technology that can replace simple administrative tasks or simple evaluative tools for formative testing can immediately provide teachers with respite, whetting their appetite for more holistic solutions. Did your teacher’s identity — his or her race, gender, sexual orientation, background or other factors — influence how you related to your teacher, how you viewed yourself and your abilities, or your interest in what you were learning? Our flagship business publication has been defining and informing the senior-management agenda since 1964. Across the four countries we studied, teachers spend an average of 11 hours a week in preparation activities. More time for collaboration should translate into better outcomes for students. There was no effect on white children when they had a black teacher. Some like to fold their arms and lean back, pushing their chest out. They can pour that time into improving student outcomes and preparing students for a more challenging and automated workforce. Andreas Schleicher, “Teaching Excellence through Professional Learning and Policy Reform: Lessons from around the World,” Paris, France: OECD Publishing, 2016. 1 According to a recent McKinsey survey, conducted in a research partnership with Microsoft, teachers are working an average of 50 hours a week Note that we are intentionally focused on the impact of technology on teacher time. 3 A well-trained teacher is likely to send more students to college, and can boost a class’s lifetime income by $250,000. To improve student outcomes, the teacher still needs to be in the classroom, but their role will shift from instructor to facilitator and coach. In fact, these studies pinpoint how big an impact teachers make over a child’s lifetime. Technology companies, too, need to be better in including the voice of the teacher when guiding product development. Automation can help with all of these. Social scientists call this implicit bias, when stereotypes influence people’s thinking, often unconsciously. How do you think this has affected your learning — if at all — and why? But new educational opportunities for girls may mean that they can take more advantage of the benefits of female teachers. Note that the turnover in Title I schools is 16 percent, which is 50 percent greater than that in non–Title I schools. While 60 percent of the teachers surveyed believed that their feedback was personalized to each student, only 44 percent of the students surveyed felt the same way. It will also be necessary to make best-practice solutions available to teachers at all types of schools and school systems. Finally, administration is a bugbear of teachers globally. Students … Instead of teaching a concept in the classroom and then having students go home to practice it, they assign self-paced videos as homework to give the basic instruction and then have students practice in the classroom, where the teacher can provide support and fill gaps in understanding. Then, girls do better with a female teacher and boys with a male one, said Thomas Dee, a professor of education at Stanford. Join us bringing quality teaching to children across the world. 2 Evaluation and feedback complete the teaching loop. The effect was strongest for children from low-income families. Neutral arbiters bringing objective and rigorous performance data, similar to the service that provides on curriculum, are necessary in the education-technology space. Andreas Schleicher, “Teaching Excellence through Professional Learning and Policy Reform: Lessons from around the World,” Paris, France: OECD Publishing, 2016. 5 There are differentmethods you can use to teach, and while your teaching style is unique to you, the most important thing is that you engage,motivate and inspire st… Technology has the least potential to save teacher time in areas where teachers are directly engaging with students: direct instruction and engagement, coaching and advisement, and behavioral-, social-, and emotional-skill development. In our survey, about a third of teachers said that they wanted to personalize learning but did not feel that they were doing so effectively at present. If so, how? Teachers’ gender does not necessarily have a big effect during elementary school but seems to make more of a difference when children are older. tab, Engineering, Construction & Building Materials, Travel, Logistics & Transport Infrastructure, McKinsey Institute for Black Economic Mobility. Starting with easy solutions will provide early momentum. In What You Need to Know about IDEA 2004, you'll find articles about eligibility, IEPs and IEP teams, evaluation requirements, response to intervention, accommodations, alternate … Press enter to select and open the results on a new page. In short, our research suggests that existing technology can help teachers reallocate 20 to 40 percent of their time to activities that support student learning. If you would like information about this content we will be happy to work with you. 7. How might this make a difference in your school? “We find that the effect is really driven by boys,” said Seth Gershenson, an economist studying education policy at American University. Reinvent your business. Sugata Mitra at the MIT Media Lab,” MIT Center for Civic Media, May 16, 2012,; John von Radowitz, “Intelligent machines will replace teachers within 10 years, leading public school headteacher predicts,” Independent, September 11, 2017, Then, try to convert your definition into something that eight- or nine-year olds will understand, and you will experience part of the challenge that teachers face when teaching main idea. Comparison of 2013 and 2018 total working hours for teachers in the United States. How Special Education Teachers Can Advocate for Students November 27, 2017 by Amanda Ronan On October 20, 2017 the Education Department, led by Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, released a listed of 72 documents related to special education that were to be rescinded. Most transformations fail. Claire Cain Miller writes in “Does Teacher Diversity Matter in Student Learning?” about how research shows that students benefit when teachers share their race or gender: There are many things that contribute to children’s academic achievement, including teachers’ experience and training; school funding and zoning; and families’ incomes and home environment. Recent research suggests teachers are ONE Thing outside of the home that can dramatically improve the wellbeing of children long after they become adults.

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